Polyurethane Allergy Symptoms. Although polyurethane gives natural wood floors a beautiful, long-lasting sheen, it is also a toxic chemical and should be used with caution. Polyurethane Foam (also known as poly-foam) is the least expensive and lowest quality foam used in mattresses and mattress toppers. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), exposure to some of the main ingredients of polyurethane foam – isocyanates – can cause a range of negative health effects, including asthma, lung damage and respiratory problems and damage and skin and eye irritation. Spray polyurethane foam is installed in attempt to make homes more energy efficient, but reports indicate that the material releases chemicals that are toxic to humans. Polyurethane foam is used to make car seats comfortable, as well as even aid in the outside structure of the car by making bumpers, spoilers, doors, windows, etc. Spray polyurethane foam is widely promoted as a green building material for its ability to improve energy efficiency. Urethane foam is everywhere — it’s under your carpet, in your furniture and your bed, in your walls, on the soles of your shoes and in your athletic helmet. Polyurethane foam is made up primarily of compounds derived from petrochemicals. However, there are companies that make non toxic sofas. An allergic reaction to polyurethane will ignite a bout of health symptoms in those who are exposed to this chemical agent in wood flooring, especially if the new wood floors are off gassing polyurethane into the air. Flexible polyurethane foam , the kind that’s in online-ordered mattresses, is … One of the most common materials used in furniture and mattresses is polyurethane foam. Most sofas contain petroleum-based polyurethane foam with toxic flame retardant chemicals, formaldehyde releasing frames, leather or fabric with toxic chemical residues or fumes, toxic glues or finish. Is Polyurethane Coating on Wood Floors Toxic?. Building and construction One of the most notable uses of polyurethane is in building and construction work, specifically to coat wood surfaces as a finishing. While it is very comfortable and durable, it has also come under fire because of health problems. Usually, a non-toxic sofa with more non toxic materials will cost more. Here are a few things that you will want to consider about the health risks and dangers that polyurethane foam … Polyurethane foam comes in many different kinds, and it’s in tons of stuff. People are often familiar with polyurethane foam as the type of foam used in sofa cushions or cheap “egg crate” mattress toppers. Click to see full answer. 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