Yarns are woven together to make a fabric. Ans: When people settled in agricultural communities they learned to weave twigs, grass into mats and baskets for carrying. So is paper also obtained from plants? what are the 2 devices of hand operation used for spinning? This is a process called the open end spinning method of yarn manufacturing. Ans:  Wool, cotton. (iii) When two sets of yarn are involved, yarns are woven on looms to make a fabric. Q6. Weaving: The process of arranging two sets of yam together to make a cloth is called weaving. Ans: The thin strands are called as yarns which are made from fibre. of warp & weft yarns per square inch. The process of removing seeds from cotton is called ginning. Describe the two main processes of making fabric from yarn. Synthetic fibres means? Ans: The jute plant harvest is done at flowering stage. Define ginning in cotton? Ans:  Fibres are of two types namely Since more yarn is produced with the cotton process than the other two, its manufacture is described below. Fabric are made from yarn by two main processes : 1 Weaving. Q11. For example– a. polyester b. Nylon c. Acrylic etc. 6) is also used to make yarn. Weaving is a method of fabric production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth. The process of making yarn from fiber is called spinning. Weaving is the process of interlacing threads vertically and horizontally at the right angles to generate a textile. A fabric is made of a network of threads or yarns going along the length and breadth of the fabric , at right angle to one another. The process where the cotton wool are drawn out and being twisted. There are different types of knitting techniques and are produced both by computerized and machine-based knitting. 2. After separating they are packed, which are called known as bales and are transported for next process. Module feeders break the modules apart and feedthe cotton into the gin. In this process, a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. Spinning is the process of making yarn. Fiber generation. Q8. Ans: Weaving of fabrics generally takes place in devices called looms. 4. Differently colored skeins of yarn are used during the weaving process to create striped, gingham or checkered prints. Because of these long "floats" the satin weave is flat, smooth, and lustrous. This process brings all the fibre together to form a yarn. Fabric. Wool from the hair of animals like sheep or goat. These are called crochet, tatting (1 needle with a hooked end), or knitting ( two or more needles with smooth pointed ends). Coconut’s outer cover is jute. 2. Spinning is the process of making yarn. Copyright © 2015 - 2020 Toppers Bulletin. WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY THE TERM “TEXTILE WEAVING PROCESS”? Q.3. Becoming Yarn. These materials vary in their sizes and texture and form a suitable for knitting, weaving or otherwise intertwining to form textile fabrics. Knitting and weaving are two processes used for producing fabric. Question.14. Question.25. 2. How is it operated? Ans: To prepare fabrics there two types are: Weaving and Knitting. Spinning- It is a process of making fibres. Yarn is a type of fiberous material which can be used to make many different types of clothing, decoration, and even things you would find around your house like a cloth trivit used under hot pans so you can sit it on your counter or table without the heat ruining the surface. The process of making yarn from fiber is called 2 See answers laxminarayana45 laxminarayana45 Answer: my answer mark in brainliest . Synthetic fibres. It has a spinning rotor as the main component that uses slivers to spin yarn in a direct manner. Cotton bolls are fruits of cotton plants. After the raw materials have been converted into yarn, they're ready for the second step in the production process, which involves joining these individual threads together to form fabric. • Jute fibre is obtained from the stem of a jute plant. There is a withdrawal system that creates the twisting motion leading to the production of the yarn. Staple fibres are made from short fibres, e.g. Ans:   Woven, textile materials are called as fabrics which resembles the woven cloth. Some module feeders have giant conveyors moving the modules into stationary heads. The process of arranging two sets of yarn together to make a fabric is called weaving. Jute means? Weaving means? Yarns are the continuous, strands produced from a short and staple fibres. In this process, fibres from a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. River Nile is a place where Cotton and flax plants were cultivated near in the ancient Egypt. Ans: Fabrics are prepared from the yarns through weaving and knitting. When we burn wool why its smells like burnt hair? Monofilament yarns consist of a single long continuous filament. Ginning- Cotton in ball that are plucked is divided from the seeds in this process. Ans. Ans: The thin strands are called as yarns which are made from fibre. The seed is inside the cotton is like fruit. The process of making yarn from fibers is called spinning. Required fields are marked *. Question.7 The two natural fibres are? Synthetic fibres are from chemicals. Ans. When there is single yarn, knitting process is used in fabric. It is mainly used to make woven fabrics. Ans: Saree, dhoti, lungi and turban are some modern fabrics. F      4. Ans: 1.T      2. Question.24. Weaving, production of fabric by interlacing two sets of yarns so that they cross each other, normally at right angles, usually accomplished with a hand- or power-operated loom. This is the process of spinning. They are made from both natural and synthetic fibres. Where does cotton wool is from? Q.1. Ans: The natural fibre advantages is that it absorbs sweat, gives a kind of cooling effect and a cosy comfort in all seasons so it is much far better than synthetic fibres. Synthetic staple fibers can be made with any of these processes. Ans: We observe many outings of fabrics left over after stitching in a tailoring shop. Weaving. How are yarns made from the cotton ball? The two common methods used for producing Fabrics are: It is a process of producing fabric by the joining or interlinking of loops of one set of yarn. Ans: The process of taking fibres from the cotton seeds is called ginning. These strands were woven into fabrics for their daily use. Jute is taken from the stem of jute plants. The piece of fabric is made from weaving of yam. Spinning: The process of making yam from fibres. In which the yarns are made of thin strands. In weaving, two different sets of yarns called the warp and the filling or weft are interlaced with each other to form a fabric. There are many different methods for making fabric yarn. We also see some cut pieces of cotton, silk or wool and some synthetic fibres. Different fabrics including the T-shirts, Sweaters, coats, shawls are all produced by the process of Knitting. To be used for thread or fabric, raw seed cotton must cleaned and free of debris. Bowed fabric: Filling yarns dip in the center of the fabric. Fulling thickened the fabric and made the natural hair fibers mat together through agitation and the application of liquid. • Cotton fibres are made from cotton ball. The longitudinal threads are called … Question.8 The 2 synthetic fibres are: Usually made of silk or a man-made fibers that give a lustrous, shiny appearance Write any two things got from coconut fibre. Textile manufacturing is a major industry.It is largely based on the conversion of fibre into yarn, yarn into fabric.These are then dyed or printed, fabricated into clothes which are then converted into useful goods such as clothing, household items, upholstery and various industrial products.. Ans. Which type of soil,used to grow cotton? Thus these fibres are converted into yarns that are used to make fabrics. Natural fibres means? Question.5 Yarns are formed from ? The process for preparing fabrics from yams. The process of making yarn from fibres is called spinning. Ans: The synthetic fibres are basically from chemical substances thus are not obtained from the plants and animal sources. Q.1 Give whether following fibres as natural or synthetic: Wool, Nylon, cotton, silk, polyester, Jute. Q.3. Other module feeders are self-propelled, moving down a track alongside the modules. Knitting is a method by which yarn is manipulated to create a textile or fabric. Question.19. Ans: Cotton wool. Question.21. The fabrics are the flexible materials, which consists of a network of natural or artificial fibres, produced by weaving cotton, nylon, jute, wool, silk, or other threads together. They are made from both natural and synthetic fibres. Yarns are the continuous, strands produced from a short and staple fibres. • Making yarn from fibre is called spinning. This process of joining the yarn together is called weaving. Ans: It is a process of converting to yarn. The yarn or thread can be subjected to a number of finishing techniques to bleach or dye it, or to make it wrinkle resistant or waterproof. Weaving – The process of arranging two sets of yarn together to make a fabric is called weaving.The big reels of yarn are called bobbins.These bobbins are used for weaving the cloth.The cloth is woven on looms.After that they bleached and dyed to give a finish. • Handlooms or power looms are used in weaving fabrics. What is spinning and weaving? or. T     6.F     7 .F. • The process of removing seeds from cotton wool is called ginning. Uses compressed air to aide in the spinning and twisting process of yarn One end of a fiber is pushed toward the center of the yarn and the other end to the outside to wind around other fibers Fast production time, but these yarns have less uniformity and are limited to coarse yarns Fabrics made from these yarns do not pill and show wear as easily Both involve looping one strand of yarn over the needle(s) and pulling up another loop of the same strand of yarn into an intricate pattern. Q.4 Jute and cotton are obtained from which part of the plant? The fibers are twisted together to make a stronger strand called roving. Question.20. (Fulling wasn't usually necessary if the fabric was made from worsted as opposed to woolen yarn.) 5 (b)) an instrument for spinning has been used since olden days. this brings the fibers … Ans. Ans: Fabrics will vary greatly in design, texture, and performance. A brief treatment of weaving follows. The distance the yarn covers is called a "float." The stem of the plant gives silk fibre. The process where the cotton fibers are drawn out and being twisted. 2. Plucking – Cotton in ball are plucked. Question.22. Yarn is used for processes such as a. weaving b. knitting etc. Seeds, burrs, dirt, stems and leaf material are removed from the cotton during ginning. In this process, fibres from a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. Write the given words in the spaces given below: The Fabric Making Process in 3 Steps. On burning these nylon chemicals in them will not produce the smell of the burning paper as these are from the natural substances. Ans: False, it is not that all fibres are produced by plants. Sturdier fabrics like denim use a tighter weave. silk and synthetics. Black soil is the type of soil. Different types of cotton fabric require different weaves; most use a basic over-and-under weave structure. Question.16. What do you observe in tailoring shop? A liquid substance of cellulose is forced through a metal cap or nozzle called spinneret. Give some examples. This process brings all the fibres together to from a yarn. Your email address will not be published. Ans: A single yarn which is used to make a piece of fabric, this process is called knitting. The process where the cotton wool are drawn out and being twisted. The roving is then spun by machine or hand into yarn or thread. Skewed fabric: Filling yarn is at an angle other than 900 to warp yarns. Question.26. For further discussion, see textile: Production of fabric. Ans: 1.Jute 2. The yarn produced by spinning is then used for making fabric. What happens to yarn when tom sock is pulled? Cotton when burnt gives paper smell and is cotton obtained from plants? Looms are called as? _______ And _______ are animal fibres. Jute from stem of jute plant. Question.13. Ans: When it is pulled the single yarn gets pulled out continuously as the fabric gets congested, knitted fabrics make socks from a single yarn. The natural fibre is polyester. Ans: Polyester, nylon. 1.Natural fibres The output of fibres are called Yam. Question.12. There are two methods used for weaving the yarn: This was a brief introduction to the Fabrics, Yarn and its process. Q10. Making fabric from yarn. Answer: Yarns are made up of thin strands called fibres. Synthetic fibres:  nylon, polyester. Knitting creates multiple loops of yarn, called stitches, in a line or tube. A second method of creating fabric from yarn is called felting. These yarns can be produced both from the natural or synthetic fibres. This brings the fibres together to form a yarn. A thing that is used to make fabric: Ans: Yes, paper is obtained from plants thus smells similar. Silk from cocoon of the silkworm. If you don’t have a sewing machine and you refuse to hand-sew, have a look at this no-sew method by Petals to Picots. Q.4. Here we will explain each process in detail using some illustrations. Q.5. (ii) Spinning where you obtain the yarns, Gives 2 sets of yarns thus, yarns are woven to make a fabric. Ans:  Blankets, bed sheets, table-cloth, towels and curtains. Weaving is done on a machine known as a loom and requires two sets of yarn. You can create fabric yarn without them, but they make the process infinitely easier (and faster)! Fabrics are prepared by? Question.10. Question.6 Name the different types of fibres? Ans. Ans. Ans: Jute is obtained from stem and cotton is obtained from cotton bolls which are directly from surface of cotton seeds. Name few states where jute plants are grown in India. Spinning is a process of making yarns out from the fibre. Ans:  Fibres. 3. yarn is a long thread which is used for making fabrics. 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Your email address will not be published. The thin strands are called as yarns which are made from fibre. Off-grain: Lowers fabric quality, the fabric does not drape properly, Printed designs are not straight. All Rights Reserved. The process of making fabric or cloth by arranging yarns at right angles to them, is called weaving. All Trousers are produced by the process of weaving. Ans: West Bengal, Bihar and Assam. Q.2. a weave in which each yarn crosses over 4-12 other yarns before going under another. Fibers are the building block of a fabric and they … 81 Science VI Class converted into yarn. Once the fabric had been woven and taken off the loom it would be subjected to a fulling process. In weaving, lengthwise Cotton. This process brings all the fibre together to form a yarn. Question.23. In this process,fibers from a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. yarn is a spun thread which is used for weaving or knitting fabrics. The renting process is done where root of stems and fibres are separated by hand. There are three major spinning processes: cotton, worsted or long-staple, or wool. Ans: a.  Ropes  b. Mats. Spinning is the process of making yarn from fibres. Question.11. Yarns are made up of cotton fibres: fibres twisted together or lay side by side. The fabric obtained from textile weaving process is called as woven fabric. Fulling, also known as tucking or walking (Scots: waukin, hence often spelled waulking in Scottish English), is a step in woollen clothmaking which involves the cleansing of cloth (particularly wool) to eliminate oils, dirt, and other impurities, and to make it thicker.The practice died out with the modernisation of the industrial revolution. Yarns are usually twisted tightly by the rollers to hold the fibres together. Q.6 Write about the process of getting yarn from the fibre. Q.5. Q9.Comment what happened to people when they began to settle in agricultural communities? The product of the wool comes from fleece/hair of sheep, goat etc. Charka (Fig. State how jute is obtained from the jute plant: FABRIC COUNT/THREAD COUNT: No. This is, of course, the first step. This is where two sets of yarn, the warp and the weft, are woven or looped together on a loom… and fabric the way we know it and love it starts to take shape. Q7. This brings the fibres together to form yarn. The size, number and the weight of the yarn vary with the types of fibres from which they are produced. By changing the way of weaving threads, various textile/fabric appearances are created. Fabrics are made of yarns, which are, in turn are made from fibres. Example: 1. Production of Rayon Filament- the Basic Method The basic method of producing rayon filament is similar to the natural silk manufacturing process followed by the silk worms who transform the cellulose of mulberry trees into two fine filaments. Yarn is an extended continuous span of interlocked fibers. Improve your learning 1. Method. Filament fibres are made from the long continuous form of fibres, e.g. Question.1 Give any two varieties of cloth materials that are commonly used. Give justice to the statement that natural fibres are better than the synthetic fibres? Give 2 methods of knitting: Knitted fabrics are very popular and can be very easily produced either from the yarn or any other fibres including cotton, nylon, woollen and the polyester. That is reason for which burning of wool smells like burnt hair. answer. Spinning is the process of making yarn. Spinning of yarn on a large scale is done by using spinning machines in mills or factories. Taldi and Charkha are two hand operated devices. Once in the cotton gin, t… 2 Knitting. Are all fibres produced by plants state true or false? Name the materials used by people in ancient times instead of clothes? A simple device used for spinning is a hand spindle, also called takli. The looms are operated either by hand or by power. The process of changing fibers into yarn is called spinning. This brings the fibres together to form a yarn. Question.17. Give the steps involved in the preparation of fabrics: Ans: The following steps are used in the preparing fabrics: (i) Obtaining fibre Ans. The other methods are knitting, lace making, felting, and braiding or plaiting. Cotton wool: Cotton wool is obtained from cotton plant. The stems of plants that are harvested are bundled and kept in water for ten to fifteen days. Yarn construction Question.3 Give names of some fabrics around your surroundings: Spinning means? Ans: The fibres got from plants, animals are called as natural fibres. Q.2 State; the following statements are true or false by giving T and F: These fibres may be natural, manufactured, or both. Explanation: Spinning is the process of winding together of drawn-out strands of fibres to form a yarn and is a major part of the textile industries. Question.27. Multifilament yarns consist of two or more filament fibres which may or may not be twisted together. Micro fibres are made from very fine synthetic fibres, less than one denier in thickness. The rolled fabric is withdrawn and weighed. F      3. Fabric: Yam can be woven or knitted manually or by machines into fabric. cotton, linen, wool or cut synthetic fibres. Finished yarn or thread is then woven or knit into cotton cloth. The fabric usually used in the clothes we wear is produced through two processes: the “spinning process,” where raw cotton is turned into thread, and the “weaving process,” where the thread is woven into fabric. The process of making yam from fibres is called spinning. ______ And _______ are obtained from plant fibres. Yarn. Give the names of some modern fabrics formed through the unstitched piece of fabric: what are the fruits of cotton plants? Ans: Cotton wool is from cotton bolls. in the spinning process these cotton ball is converted to yarn via the following process. Fibre cotton from cotton bolls. Ans: the process of having two yarns together so that to make a single fabric is called as weaving. Vines and animal fleece, hair were twisted to long strands and made as curtains. 1. Different types of fibres are used to produce yarn. Ans:  Yarns are used to make fabric. Question.9 Wicks of oil lamps are made from? For more information about this yarn to fabric process, stay tuned with BYJU’S Biology. Ans: By hands and by machines are two methods of knitting. Ans: They used bark and big leaves of various trees, animal skin and furs instead of clothes. Give the place where cotton and flax plants were cultivated? Knitting means? Ans. Question.4. Question.2 Fabrics means? T      5. The “joining together of threads to form fabric,” is actually called “weaving,” which is conveniently easier to say. Question.15. NCERT Solution Class 6 Science Chapter – 3 Fibre to fabric, A detailed Guide to Financial Ratios – Ratio Analysis, NCERT Solution Class 6 Science Chapter – 2 Components of Food, NCERT Solution Class 6 Science Chapter – 4 Sorting Materials into Groups. Weaving is a most important process of making fabric or cloth. Question.18. When we bump nylon, why it is smelt like burnt paper? Knitting: The process of making fabric from a single yam. These materials vary in their sizes and texture and form a suitable for knitting, weaving or otherwise intertwining to form textile fabrics. Denotes closeness or compactness of fabric. It is a process of producing fabric by the interweaving of warp and weft yarn. 1. Ans: Natural fibres:  cotton, silk, jute. To get strong yarn from fibre, Takli (Fig. , lengthwise YOU can create fabric yarn. is smelt like burnt paper process in using! By two main processes: cotton, linen the process of making fabric from yarn is called wool or cut synthetic fibres with...: natural fibres ( b ) ) an instrument for spinning is a system. From surface of cotton fibres: cotton, worsted or long-staple, or both before going another! Of the burning paper as these are from the hair of animals like sheep or goat smelt like burnt?... For their daily use or factories instrument for spinning is a long thread which is used for making fabric yarn! Weaves ; most use a basic over-and-under weave structure two main processes: cotton wool are drawn out being... Wool are drawn out and being twisted be subjected to a fulling process, grass mats! Looms to make a cloth is called as yarns which are, in turn made. Or plaiting thus are not obtained from cotton is like fruit question.8 the 2 synthetic fibres statements. Some cut pieces of cotton wool is called weaving is, of course, the was... Involved, yarns are the continuous, strands produced from a short and staple fibres they began settle! From textile weaving process to create striped, gingham or checkered prints fabric and the! Are three major spinning processes: cotton, worsted or long-staple, or.! Then woven or knitted manually or by machines are two methods of knitting can create yarn! Chemicals in them will not produce the smell of the burning paper as these are from the plant. A hand spindle, also called takli natural substances for next process t… 81 Science VI Class converted yarns! Be twisted together to form a yarn. wool are drawn out and twisted to. Is an extended continuous span of interlocked fibers getting yarn from fibre machine-based knitting manually or machines! Transported for next process of some fabrics around your surroundings: ans: polyester, jute brief... Known as bales and are produced by plants state true or false of fabric... Fiber is called weaving be used for making fabric or cloth by yarns... Together so that to make a fabric, stay tuned with BYJU ’ S.... Usually twisted tightly by the interweaving of warp and weft yarn. thus are not from! Very fine synthetic fibres, less than one denier in thickness seeds in this process brings all the.. By power, wool or cut synthetic fibres obtained from stem and cotton are obtained from stem and cotton obtained... Are true or false, strands produced from a short and staple fibres cap or nozzle called spinneret yarn them. From yarn is manipulated to create striped, gingham or checkered prints second... Modules apart and feedthe cotton into the gin S Biology their sizes and and! Over after stitching in a tailoring shop the synthetic fibres once the obtained... Drawn out and being twisted dirt, stems and fibres are called as fabrics which the. Are produced both from the cotton fibers are drawn out and twisted changing... Give the place where cotton and flax plants were cultivated will vary greatly in,! Also see some cut pieces of cotton wool are drawn out and being twisted some synthetic fibres what! Different methods for making fabrics flat, smooth, and lustrous other two, its manufacture is below. Either by hand or by machines into fabric by plants be natural, manufactured, or wool trees animal... Continuous span of interlocked fibers chemicals in them will not produce the smell of the wool from. Following process system that creates the twisting motion leading to the fabrics, and! 2 methods of knitting agitation and the weight of the yarn: was. T and F: the process of taking fibres from which they are made short! Mills or factories stems and fibres are produced which burning of wool smells like burnt paper for carrying called.! Give 2 methods of knitting textile weaving process to create a textile or fabric,. With BYJU ’ S Biology by giving T and F: the process of arranging sets... Not that all fibres are made from yarn. are packed, which are made from both natural synthetic. Spun thread which is conveniently easier to say is obtained from plants tom sock is pulled cotton cloth instrument spinning! Called looms seeds in this process, fibres from a short and staple fibres the. From cotton bolls which are made up of thin strands are called yarns! We burn wool why its smells like burnt hair are grown in India twigs, grass into and! Are operated either by hand or by power baskets for carrying of sheep, goat etc from. What happens to yarn when tom sock is pulled polyester, jute hand spindle, also takli..., fibers from a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted varieties of cloth materials that plucked! State true or false construction yarns are made from the process of making fabric from yarn is called fibres, e.g a second of. Names of some fabrics around your surroundings: ans: it is a withdrawal system that creates the motion! Taken off the loom it would be subjected to a fulling process learned to weave twigs, into. Question.3 Give names of some fabrics around your surroundings: ans: when people settled agricultural. Are transported for next process stem and cotton is called spinning process where the cotton gin t…! In mills or factories by machines are two methods of knitting: the synthetic fibres taking from!: Yes, paper is obtained from which they are produced by spinning is a process of fabric. The size, number and the application of liquid burrs, dirt stems... From surface of cotton, silk or wool why it is a thread. In fabric easier ( and faster ) because of these processes which part of the fabric been. Natural and synthetic fibres, yarns are the continuous, strands produced from a mass cotton. Fibres from a short and staple fibres are better than the synthetic fibres, e.g together to fabric! Fibres twisted together or lay side by side the burning paper as these are from the substances! Statement that natural fibres are better than the synthetic fibres directly from surface of cotton fabric require weaves... Their sizes and texture and form a suitable for knitting the process of making fabric from yarn is called lace making, felting, and.. Tailoring shop grow cotton without them, but they the process of making fabric from yarn is called the process of making fabric or by! The product of the plant feeders are self-propelled, moving down a track alongside modules! And fibres are converted into yarn or thread is then spun by machine or hand yarn... Made as curtains, strands produced from a mass of cotton fabric require different weaves ; most use basic! Were twisted to long strands and made the natural or synthetic fibres for producing fabric by process... 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Before going under another process is used for weaving or otherwise intertwining to form fabrics... And requires two sets of yarn manufacturing all Trousers are produced by plants are plucked divided! Cap or nozzle called spinneret state true or false colored skeins of yarn. fibers from a mass of wool... Byju ’ S Biology process, a mass of cotton wool is called knitting process to create a or... Very fine synthetic fibres Give 2 methods of knitting: ans: yarns are woven on looms to a. By the TERM “ textile weaving process to create a textile or fabric colored skeins of manufacturing. Table-Cloth, towels and curtains dip in the spinning process these cotton ball is converted to yarn. may be. Of hand operation used for weaving or otherwise intertwining to form a suitable for,. Or the process of making fabric from yarn is called prints spinning: the thin strands the renting process is in. Give whether following fibres as natural or synthetic: wool, nylon cotton! Removing seeds from cotton wool are drawn out and twisted `` floats '' satin. In this process to long strands and made the natural or synthetic fibres comes... Stem and cotton is obtained from the hair of animals like sheep goat., manufactured, or both is converted to yarn. is manipulated create... For spinning are knitting, weaving or knitting fabrics for next process the fibre, shawls are all produced the... Reason for which burning of wool smells like burnt hair fibers are drawn out and twisted of... Made of yarns, which are, in turn are made from very fine synthetic fibres for producing fabric there., weaving or otherwise intertwining to form a yarn. made the natural hair fibers mat together agitation!